Police decorations and medals
June 2009 / July 2014

Homeland and South West African police forces (4)

EACH of the ten self-governing or independent African homelands which existed within South Africa from the 1960s to 1994 had its own police force, and its own police medals. So did South West Africa, during the final years of South African administration, from 1981 to 1990.

The police forces were modeled on the SA Police, and their medals, not surprisingly, were modeled on the SAP awards of the period.

On this page : the Transkei Police, the Venda National Force, and the Venda Police.

Transkei Police

Transkei Police medal ribbons

The Transkei Police (TP) existed in the nominally 'independent' Transkei homeland from October 1976 to January 1995. It had its own decorations and medals, several of which were designed by the South African state herald, Frederick Brownell.

TP Decoration for Distinguished Service

Insignia: A five-pointed rayed gold star displaying the Transkei arms on a blue roundel (obverse) and the words "Inkonzo eQaqambilileyo - For Distinguished Service - Vir Voortreflike Diens" (reverse).

TP Cross for Bravery (CT) (1976-85)

TP Gallantry Cross

Insignia: A five-armed gold cross, enamelled brown (ochre), displaying the head of the Transkei Legislative Assembly mace on a five-pointed star (obverse) and the words "Yenjkalipho - For Gallantry - Vir Dapperheid" (reverse).

TP Medal for Efficient Service

Insignia: A circular silver medal displaying a five-pointed rayed star bearing the Transkei arms on a green roundel (obverse) and "Inkonzo eNeziqhamo eZizizo - For Efficient Service - Vir Bekwame Diens" (reverse).

TP Medal for Combating Terrorism

Insignia: A circular medal displaying a star-cross on two crossed assegais (obverse) and the Transkei coat of arms (reverse).

Transkei Independence Medal — Issued to founder members of the force in 1976.

Insignia: A circular bronze medal displaying the Transkei coat of arms (obverse) and "Uzimele 26.10.76" (reverse).

TP Faithful Service Medal (35 Years) (1985-94) — For 35 years service.

Insignia: A circular silver medal displaying the Transkei coat of arms (obverse), and the head of the Transkei parliamentary mace with "Yenkonzo Ethobekileyo - Vir Troue Diens - For Faithful Service" (reverse).

TP Medal for Faithful Service: Silver (1976-85) — For 30 years service.

Insignia: Same as the 35-year medal but in silver.

TP Faithful Service Medal (30 years) (1985-94) — For 30 years service.

Insignia: Same as the 35-year medal.

TP Faithful Service Medal (20 years) (1985-94) — For 20 years service.

Insignia: Same as the 35-year medal. but in silver.

TP Medal for Faithful Service: Bronze (1976-85) — For 18 years service.

Insignia: Same as the 35-year medal, but in bronze.

TP Faithful Service Medal (10 years) (1985-94) — For 10 years service.

Insignia: Same as the 18-year medal.

Venda National Force

Venda National Force medal ribbons

The Venda National Force (VNF) was a composite military/ police/ prisons service which existed in the nominally 'independent' Venda homeland from September 1979 to April 1985. A series of decorations and medals was instituted for the VNF on the eve of its disbandment, in February 1985.

VNF Gallantry Cross (PCF) (1985) — For valour in the line of duty, or in saving life or property. The decoration could be awarded in gold or silver, depending on the degree of valour shown.

Insignia: A cross pattee, depicting a gold hare's bobtail within a blue circlet (obverse) and the Venda coat of arms (reverse).

VNF Distinguished Service Medal (SOO) (1985) — Awarded to general officers, for exceptionally distinguished service promoting the efficiency of the VNF.

Insignia: A circular gold medal displaying the letter V and two interlaced rings (obverse) and 'Munene' (reverse).

VNF Outstanding Service Medal (SOE) (1985) — Awarded for outstanding service.

Insignia: Same design as the SOO, but in silver.

VNF Medal for Combating Terrorism (1985) — For counter-insurgency service (minimum 90 days).

Insignia: A circular bronze medal depicting two upright battle-axes in front of a traditional drum (obverse) and the Venda coat of arms (reverse).

VNF Long Service Medal (1985) — For long and faithful service. Awarded cumulatively in three classes: Bronze after 10 years service, Silver after 20 years, and Gold after 30 years.

Insignia: A circular medal, depicting an elephant head (gold and silver) or a baobab tree (bronze), and the Venda national arms and 'U Fulufhedzea Mushomoni' (reverse).

Venda Police

Venda Police medal ribbons

The Venda Police (VP) existed from April 1985 to January 1995. It had its own decorations and medals, corresponding to the VNF awards.

VP Gallantry Cross Gold (PCF)

VP Gallantry Cross Silver (PCF)

VP Distinguished Service Decoration (SOO)

VP Star for Outstanding Service (SOE)

Insignia: A circular silver medal displaying the Venda coat of arms in the centre of an 8-pointed star (obverse).

VP Medal for Combating Terrorism (1985)

Insignia: A circular bronze medal displaying two upright battle-axes and a drum in the centre of an 8-pointed star (obverse), and the VP badge with the words "U Lwa Na Vhutherorisi - Combating Terrorism" (reverse).

VP Establishment Medal (1985) — Issued to founder members of the force in 1985.

Insignia: A circular bronze medal displaying the VP badge (obverse), and the Venda coat of arms with the words "Vhuthomi - Establishment 1985-04-01" (reverse).

VP Star for Merit — For 30 years faithful service.

Insignia: A circular medal displaying an elephant's head in the centre of an 8-pointed star (obverse).

VP Medal for Loyal Service — For 20 years faithful service.

Insignia: A circular medal displaying an elephant's head (obverse), and the VP badge with the words "U Fulufhedzea Mushomoni - Faithful Service" (reverse).

VP Medal for Faithful Service — For 10 years faithful service.

Insignia: A circular medal displaying a baobab tree (obverse), and the VP badge with the words "Tshumelo i Fhulufhedzeyaho - Loyal Service" (reverse).

References :
  • Venda Government Gazette Vol 13 No 17 (15.02.1985).
  • King, T.; Gallantry Awards of the South African Police 1913-1994 (2000).
 
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